AIN: Assistant in Nursing
Acquired Immune Deficiency: An immune deficiency acquired during a person’s lifetime. Can be caused by e.g. infection, medication or radiation
Acquired Immune DeficiencySyndrome: AIDS. an acquired immune deficiency, caused by HIV
Acute: Description of a disease, which is usually short termed and of recent onset
Agammaglobulinaemia: The absence or severe deficiency of the plasma protein gamma globulin
Anaemia: A condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiological needs, which vary by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and pregnancy status.
Antibody: Blood protein which kills germs
B Cell: A type of white blood cell derived from bone marrow. B cells are sometimes called B lymphocytes. They secrete antibody and have a number of other complex functions within the human immune system.
B Lymphocyte: A type of white blood cell derived from bone marrow. B lymphocytes are sometimes called B cells. They secrete antibody and have a number of other complex functions within the human immune system.
BMT: Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone Marrow: Soft tissue located in the hollow bones of the body
Bone Marrow Transpantation (BMT): A treatment where bone marrow from one person is transplanted into another
Bronchiectasis: Dilation of the bronchi which can be caused by constant infections
CNC: Clinical Nurse Consultant
CNE: Clinical Nurse Educator
CNS: Clinical Nurse Specialist
CVID: Common Variable Immune Deficiency
Complement: A group of at least 30 serum proteins that are critically important in our defense against infection. These proteins act in a defined sequence to affect the destruction of bacteria, viruses and fungi
EN: Enrolled Nurse
GVHD: Graft Versus Host Disease
Gamma Interferon: An interferon produced by T lymphocytes and large granular lymphocytes in response to foreign macromolecules
Gammaglobulin: Part of the blood which contains antibodies
IDFA: Immune Deficiencies Foundation Australia
IDFNZ: Immune Deficiency Foundation New Zealand
IPOPI: International Patient Organisation for Primary Immunodeficiencies
IVIg: Intravenous immunoglobulin
IgG: Immunoglobulin G – main type of antibody
Immunoglobulin: Blood Proteins which have the function of antibodies
Immunologist: Immunologists are Specialist Doctors trained to diagnose, manage and treat allergies, asthma and immunological disorders including Primary Immune Deficiencies.
Immunomodulation: adjustment of the immune response to a desired level
Immunotherapy: Prevention or treatment of disease, using agents that may modify the immune response
Infusion: Introduction of a solution into the body through a vein for therapeutic purposes.
NUM: Nursing Unit Manager
PID: Primary Immune Deficiency
Protozoa: Single celled organisams like giardia, malaria and toxoplasmosis
RN: Registered Nurse
SCID: Severe Combined Immune Deficiency
SCIg: Subcutaneous immunoglobulin
Staphylococcus: Staph infections are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, a type of germ commonly found on the skin or in the nose of even healthy individuals. Most of the time, these bacteria cause no problems or result in relatively minor skin infections. Staph infections can turn deadly if the bacteria invade deeper into thebody, entering the bloodstream, joints, bones, lungs or heart.
Stem Cell: Type of cell present in bone marrow which has the ability to grow and to form red and white blood cells and platelets
T Cell: T lymphocyte – type of lymphocyte (specialised white blood cell) necessary for immunity to viruses, moulds and protozoa
Virus: A submicroscopic microbe causing infections. Can only reporduce in living cells.