Glossary

AIN: Assistant in Nursing

Acquired Immune Deficiency: An immune deficiency acquired during a person’s lifetime. Can be caused by e.g. infection, medication or radiation

Acquired Immune DeficiencySyndrome: AIDS. an acquired immune deficiency, caused by HIV

Acute: Description of a disease, which is usually short termed and of recent onset

Agammaglobulinaemia: The absence or severe deficiency of the plasma protein gamma globulin

Anaemia: A condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiological needs, which vary by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and pregnancy status.

Antibody: Blood protein which kills germs

B Cell: A type of white blood cell derived from bone marrow. B cells are sometimes called B lymphocytes. They secrete antibody and have a number of other complex functions within the human immune system.

B Lymphocyte: A type of white blood cell derived from bone marrow. B lymphocytes are sometimes called B cells. They secrete antibody and have a number of other complex functions within the human immune system.

BMT: Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone Marrow: Soft tissue located in the hollow bones of the body

Bone Marrow Transpantation (BMT): A treatment where bone marrow from one person is transplanted into another

Bronchiectasis: Dilation of the bronchi which can be caused by constant infections

CNC: Clinical Nurse Consultant

CNE: Clinical Nurse Educator

CNS: Clinical Nurse Specialist

CVID: Common Variable Immune Deficiency

Complement: A group of at least 30 serum proteins that are critically important in our defense against infection. These proteins act in a defined sequence to affect the destruction of bacteria, viruses and fungi

EN: Enrolled Nurse

GVHD: Graft Versus Host Disease

Gamma Interferon: An interferon produced by T lymphocytes and large granular lymphocytes in response to foreign macromolecules

Gammaglobulin: Part of the blood which contains antibodies

IDFA: Immune Deficiencies Foundation Australia

IDFNZ: Immune Deficiency Foundation New Zealand

IPOPI: International Patient Organisation for Primary Immunodeficiencies

IVIg: Intravenous immunoglobulin

IgG: Immunoglobulin G – main type of antibody

Immunoglobulin: Blood Proteins which have the function of antibodies

Immunologist: Immunologists are Specialist Doctors trained to diagnose, manage and treat allergies, asthma and immunological disorders including Primary Immune Deficiencies.

Immunomodulation: adjustment of the immune response to a desired level

Immunotherapy: Prevention or treatment of disease, using agents that may modify the immune response

Infusion: Introduction of a solution into the body through a vein for therapeutic purposes.

NUM: Nursing Unit Manager

PID: Primary Immune Deficiency

Protozoa: Single celled organisams like giardia, malaria and toxoplasmosis

RN: Registered Nurse

SCID: Severe Combined Immune Deficiency

SCIg: Subcutaneous immunoglobulin

Staphylococcus: Staph infections are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, a type of germ commonly found on the skin or in the nose of even healthy individuals. Most of the time, these bacteria cause no problems or result in relatively minor skin infections. Staph infections can turn deadly if the bacteria invade deeper into thebody, entering the bloodstream, joints, bones, lungs or heart.

Stem Cell: Type of cell present in bone marrow which has the ability to grow and to form red and white blood cells and platelets

T Cell: T lymphocyte – type of lymphocyte (specialised white blood cell) necessary for immunity to viruses, moulds and protozoa

Virus: A submicroscopic microbe causing infections. Can only reporduce in living cells.

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